B.9 – Den nordiske samekonvensjon – Kirkeneserklæringene 0 – 2

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Den nordiske samekonvensjon

Den nordiske samekonvensjon – Kirkeneserklæringene 0 – 2

 

Fra en folkegruppes samarbeid på Nordkalotten, til alle folkegruppers samarbeid og fred i Barentsregionen

Når det gjelder den nordiske dimensjonen, åpne opp for mer samkvem over landegrensene i nord, så har utenriksministrene i de nordiske land allerede signert Kirkeneserklæringen I og II, henholdsvis i 1993 og 2013.

Kirkeneserklæringen I og II tilbyr enda større muligheter for alle i nord, fordi den også inkluderer Russland.

Det er et fundament for mer øst-vest samarbeid i nord, helt i tråd med samenes tradisjonelle bevegelsesmønster. Den forener flere andre aspekter med livet i nord, som også gir betydelige større fordel for hele befolkningen inkludert samene.

Den er i tillegg en av de viktigste spydspissene for langvarig historisk og fremtidig fred i Europa.

Enn så lenge har dessverre iverksettelsen av Kirkeneserklæringene vært en Pasvik-bjørn i vinterdvale.

Torvald Stoltenberg - Nordkalotten

Torvald Stoltenberg var og er sentral i Barentssamarbeidet

 

Her er en del punkt fra erklæringen i 2013 (på engelsk):

ECONOMY

We strongly support the continued development of cooperation in all relevant areas, with the well-being of people of the region as the overriding goal.

The regional resource potential includes not only gas and oil but also other mineral resources, fish and other seafood, knowledge and experience, and skilled personnel, all of which should be used to the benefit of the region.

We recognise that indigenous peoples have the right to determine and develop priorities and strategies for their own development. We acknowledge our obligation to ensure full respect for and implementation of the rights of indigenous peoples to continuously pursue their traditional livelihoods, including hunting, fishing and herding, in accordance with their own traditions and customs, within the framework of sustainable management and harvesting and international obligations. Indigenous peoples have the right to participate in decision-making in matters that would affect their rights.

As members of the World Trade Organization, we should promote and facilitate more business cooperation and trade. We will work to eliminate barriers that have been unnecessary obstacles to trade and cooperation.

We note that economic and social development in the Barents region requires better transport connections. A key factor both for business purposes and for passenger traffic is the further development of east–west transport networks, including regional air services. We are therefore encouraged by the work to draw up a Joint Barents Transport Plan, covering all transport modes and focusing on transport corridors between Russia, Finland, Sweden and Norway.

PEOPLE-TO-PEOPLE CONTACTS

The sharp increase in the number of border crossings is perhaps the best illustration of the positive developments in the Barents region. We will, as far as possible, continue to make border crossing regimes more efficient, while pursuing the common goal of visa-free, short term travel for our citizens. Enhancing labour mobility in the Barents region should also be a long-term goal. We will encourage a study of additional feasible steps to ease and promote border crossing.

We are committed to ensuring that the rights of indigenous peoples are fully respected in all aspects of the cooperation in the Barents Euro-Arctic Region. We also welcome theincreased cross-border contacts and cooperation between indigenous peoples.

KNOWLEDGE

To enhance prospects for future well-being and prosperity in the Barents region, it is crucial that communities succeed in developing knowledge and skills by promoting entrepreneurship and innovation, in particular among young people and indigenous peoples. We support the establishment of a rotating Barents Summer School, as well as joint education programmes, language training, and exchange programmes.

The environment in the Barents region is fragile. We stress the need for serious environmental considerations and the use of best available technology and best practices in the planning of all economic activities and urban development. Due regard should be paid to corporate social responsibility and to sustainable production and consumption. We recognise that traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples can contribute to the sustainable development of resources, and that such knowledge also plays a vital role in ensuring sustainable development in the region.

CULTURE AND HEALTH

Culture has been essential in the development of the Barents cooperation and has played an important part in bringing people together. Such activities promote cultural diversity, and multicultural dialogue and interaction, as well as regional, social and economic development.

KEY ACTORS

The indigenous peoples, with their invaluable traditional knowledge, must continue to play an active role in the development of the region. We support a further strengthening of indigenous peoples’ representation in the Barents cooperation.

 

Vi eier alle nøklene til en god fremtid på land og vann

Sapmi

Barentssamarbeid – Russland = Nordisk samekonvensjon

Å sette folkegrupper kunstig opp mot hverandre i det minst folketette området i Europa og en av de mest fredfylte plassene i verden synes merkelig. Folk i nord er alle lik når gradestokken nærmer seg minus 30.

Den nordiske samekonvensjonen bekrefter at det ikke blir noe samisk stat, og den vil bremse utviklingen på Nordkalotten.

 


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